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Retinal Artery Occlusion

Retinal artery occlusion is the blockage of blood flow to the main artery of the retina or its branches.

Predisposing factors:

The main predisposing factors are:
• High blood pressure
• Hyperlipidemia (High levels of cholesterol in the blood)
• Heart valve problems


When a blockage occurs in the retinal artery, it results in sharp, painless, significant loss of vision.


Treatment of retinal artery occlusion must be IMMEDIATE (within the first 2-3 hours).
Inhaling carbon dioxide can help blood vessels dilate and allow blood to flow to the retinal arteries.
Also the reduction of intraocular pressure through specific medication prescribed by the ophthalmologist can solve the blockage and allow the retinal reperfusion.