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Age Related Macular Degeneration

Age Related Macular Degeneration is a condition that affects the center of the vision called macula, is associated with age and usually affects people over 50 years.

Types of Age Related Macular Degeneration:

Α. Dry type of Age Related Macular Degeneration

In the dry type some macular cells die resulting in “empty spots”. The dry type is the most common type and it is responsible for the 80-90% of cases of macular degeneration. It is a slow type of the disease, which causes gradual loss of vision. Some patients with dry type may later develop the more aggressive wet type.

Β. Wet type of Age Related Macular Degeneration

The wet type of macular degeneration occurs when blood vessels are developed under the macular cells which normally should not have existed. The growing vessels are fragile and leak fluid and blood under the macular, causing blurred vision, dark spots and even loss of vision.


In the early stages, the symptoms are usually unnoticeable. The detection of early signs of macular degeneration can only be done by a detailed examination of the macular during the ophthalmological examination.
As the disease progresses, symptoms may include:

  •  Difficulty in reading
  • Distortion of images or lines
  • Difficulty in recognizing faces
  • Dark or empty spots in the center of vision


There is currently no cure for dry Age Related Macular Degeneration. Studies have shown that changes in diet and lifestyle as well as the use of appropriate vitamins can slow the progression of the disease.

For wet Age Related Macular Degeneration the treatment consists of:
• Intravitreal injections
• Radiotherapy